Friday, May 12, 1865

Hanover Court-House, Virginia

General O. O. Howard has been summoned to Washington to take charge of the new Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, a position he will accept. General Logan is now in charge of the right wing. Logan led his wing through the streets of Richmond today.

Major-General SLOCUM:
DEAR GENERAL: I will move this p. m. with Davis to the forks of the road, and, it maybe, accompany him and join Mower at the point where he crosses Davis’ road. I would like to see the country about Spotsylvania Court-House, and thence by Warrenton and Manassas to Alexandria. I will hardly reach Chilesburg tonight. Be careful to give Davis and Mower the best information you have of the road.
Yours, truly,
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

Major-General SLOCUM, Commanding Army of Georgia:
GENERAL: Yours to the general-in-chief has been read by him. We will move our headquarters this p.m., with the troops, to the point you speak of, at the roads forking.
I am, general, yours, &c,
L. M. DAYTON, Major and Assistant Adjutant-General

General Howard Reports from Washington:

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE, Washington, D. C., May 12, 1865.
Major General W. T. SHERMAN:
I saw General Rawlins this a.m., and delivered your report, and your private letter for General Grant I gave to Colonel Bowers as the general was not in the office. I saw the Secretary of War, who told me he sent for me in order to place me in charge of the Freedmen’s Bureau. After I had conversed with him about that for some little time he inquired where you were and talked with me quite at length respecting your terms of settlement with Johnston. I told him that you were incensed at the publication that appeared over his signature. He said in reply that you put the Government entirely on the defensive by announcing in orders that terms had been agreed upon which would give peace from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, &c. This order appeared in the morning papers, and on account of it, in order to show the people why the Government broke the peace established, he deemed it proper to publish some of the reasons for disapproving the terms. He deprecated the spirit of the press, but said that he thought that he himself had to bear his share of newspaper abuse. General Rawlins intimated that General Grant’s confidence in yourself was unabated, and that he thought it best for your sake to withhold your letter from publication till he could see you. Hoping to see you here soon,
I remain, yours, sincerely,
O. O. HOWARD, Major-General

WAR DEPT., ADJT. GENERAL’S OFFICE, GENERAL ORDERS, Numbers 91. Washington, May 12, 1865.
Order organizing Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.

I. By direction of the President, Major General O. O. Howard is assigned to duty in the War Department as commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, under the act of Congress, entitled “An act to establish a bureau for the relief of freedmen and refugees,” to perform the duties and exercise all the rights, authority, and jurisdiction vested by the act of Congress in such commissioner. General Howard will enter at once upon the duties of commissioner, specified in said act.

II. The Quartermaster-General will, without delay, assign and furnish suitable quarters and apartments for the said bureau.

III. The Adjutant-General will assign to the said bureau the number of competent clerks authorized by the act of Congress.

By order of the President of the United States:
E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant-General.

Headquarters, Military Division of the Mississippi, In the Field, Hanover Court House. May 12, 1865

Major General Jno. A. Logan Commanding Right Wing:

Dear General,
It was my purpose to join your Column here, and travel with it via Fredericksburg, but I feel anxious to see the ground about Spottsylvania C. H. and Chancellorsville and may accompany Slocum that far, and swing across to you at Fredericksburg. Slocum leaves your Road six miles north of Hanover C. H. and then takes the Road off to the Left by Chilesburg, and will not again come into your Road at all. You will not see him till you reach Alexandria. I have official notice that General Meade leaves his pontoon Bridge for your use, across the Rappahannock at the Mouth of Deep Creek which I understand to be a couple of miles below the town of Fredericksburg. The heavy Cold Rain of last night has improved the atmosphere very much, but leaves the Road bad, and if other Rains come about the time you reach Fredericksburg you had better Keep the Roads (of which I am told there are several) most to the Left, but don’t cross the Manassas Rail Road, for in that case you would run into Slocums Columns. The distance to Alexandria by your Roads from Richmond is 125 miles. Take 10 full days and lay by one or two days to bathe & clean up. In any event don’t rush your men, but let them arrive at Alexandria fresh and compact. I believe you will be more at Ease on the Road than lying idle in Camps about Alexandria. There is no reason or necessity for haste.

I suppose you will have sent one Corps by Mechanicsville, and will bring the others by this Road which seems to be considered the Main Fredericksburg and Alexandria Road. I wanted to see you before starting after seeing Howards orders, but had no chance as I had been appointed to ride at the head of the Whole Army, and I did want to leave Richmond to my Rear. The manner of your welcome was a part of a Grand Game to insult us, us who had marched a thousand miles through a hostile country in midwinter to help them. We did help them, and what has been our Reward? Your men denied admission into the City, when Halleck had invited all citizens, (Rebels of course) to come and go without Passes. If the American People sanction this Kind of courtesy to Old & tried troops, where is the honor satisfaction and Glory of serving them in constancy and Faith? If such be the welcome the East pays to the West, we can let them make war, and fight it out themselves. I know where is a Land & People that will not treat us thus, the West, the Valley of the Mississippi the heart & soul, and future Strength of America, and I for one will go there.

I am not much of a Talker, but if ever my tongue is loose & free, I think I can and will say some things that will make an impression resembling a bomb shell of the largest pattern.

Chew the cud of “bitter fancy” as you ride along, and when events draw to a conclusion, we can step in the Ring. Men who are now so fierce and who would have the Army of the Potomac violate my truce, and attack our Enemy disheartened discomfited & surrendered will sooner or later find foes face to face of different metal. Though “my voice is still for Peace,” I am not for such a Peace, as makes me subject to insult by former friends, now perfidious enemies.

With respect your friend,
W.T. Sherman Major General

General Schofield Reports from Raleigh:

Raleigh, N. C., May 12, 1865.
Major General W. T. SHERMAN, Commanding Military Div. of the Mississippi, Washington, D. C.:
GENERAL: I send you by a special messenger the rolls of General J. E. Johnston’s army, surrendered to you by the convention of April 26; also a consolidated return made from the rolls. The number surrendered and paroled in North Carolina is 40 general officers and 36,971 subordinate officers and men. This number does not embrace the cavalry which went south under orders from Davis, as his escort, and since surrendered to General Wilson in Georgia, nor the men who went home during the suspension of hostilities without waiting for their paroles. General Johnston found it impossible to deliver all the arms and other public property at Greensborough, and we were compelled to receive them wherever the troops chose to throw them down. The staff officers are at work collecting all the property, and I will forward reports as soon as the work is completed. I also inclose a copy of the ‘supplemental terms” agreed to by General Johnston and myself in pursuance with your instructions.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. M. SCHOFIELD, Major-General

Military Convention of April 26, 1865. Supplemental Terms.

I. The field transportation to be loaned to the troops for their march to their homes, and for subsequent use in their industrial pursuits. Artillery horses may be used in field transportation if necessary.

II. Each brigade or separate body to retain a number of arms equal to one-seventh of its effective total, which, when the troops reach capitals of their States, will be disposed of as the general commanding the department may direct.

III. Private horses and other private property of both officers and men to be retained by them.

IV. The commanding general of the Military Division of West Mississippi, Major-General Canby, will be requested to give transportation by water from Mobile or New Orleans to the troops from Arkansas and Texas.

V. The obligations of officers and soldiers to be signed by their immediate commanders.

VI. Naval forces within the limits of General Johnston’s command to be included in the terms of this convention.

J. M. SCHOFIELD, Major-General, Commanding U. S. Forces in North Carolina.

J. E. JOHNSTON, General, Commanding C. S. Troops in North Carolina.

Approved and forwarded.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

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