Thursday, April 13, 1865

Raleigh, North Carolina

I entered Raleigh, and ordered the several heads of column toward Asheville in the direction of Salisbury or Charlotte. I found these same gentlemen who visited on the train yesterday, with Messrs. Badger, Bragg, Holden, and others, but Governor Vance had fled because he feared an arrest and imprisonment. From the Raleigh newspapers of the 10th I learn that General Stoneman, with his division of cavalry, had come across the mountains from East Tennessee, had destroyed the railroad at Salisbury, and was then supposed to be approaching Greensboro’. I also learned that General Wilson’s cavalry corps was “smashing things” down about Selma and Montgomery, Alabama, and was pushing for Columbus and Macon, Georgia. I also have reason to expect that General Sheridan will come down from Appomattox to join us at Raleigh with his superb cavalry corps. I need more cavalry to check Johnston’s retreat, so that I can come up to him with my infantry, and therefore have good reason to delay.

RALEIGH, N. C., April 13, 1865.
Lieutenant General U. S. GRANT, City Point, Va.:
We entered Raleigh this morning. Johnston has retreated westward. I shall move to Ashborough and Salilsbury or Charlotte. I hope Sheridan is coming this way with his cavalry. If I can bring Johnston to a stand I will soon fix him. The people here had not heard of the surrender of Lee, and hardly credit it. All well.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI,
In the Field, Raleigh, April 13, 1865.
Colonel WRIGHT:
Take up iron north of Goldsborough. Push repairs up to Gulley’s and Raleigh. Road good this side of Smithfield. I will move on Ashborough and Salisbury and return to Raleigh. The road will be guarded by General Schofield’s command. It will need but little guard, as the enemy is all going west.
Yours,
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE TENNESSEE, Hilton’s Bridge, N. C., April 13, 1865.
Major General W. T. SHERMAN, Commanding Military Division of the Mississippi:
General Logan has arrived at this point. We found the bridge a new one, recently constructed. Only a few planks were taken up. General Blair had so bad a road last night that he reached a point only about two miles north or Mitchener’s Station. I except him at Battle’s Bridge today. I presume you are at Raleigh, as there is no firing.
O. O. HOWARD, Major-General

We may be in the vicinity of Raleigh for some time. We want all burning to stop.

SPECIAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION, Numbers 66.
FIFTEENTH ARMY CORPS, Wilder’s Plantation, N. C., April 13, 1865.

I. In compliance with instructions from superior headquarters foraging on the country will cease from this time forward, except in the manner as prescribed in orders from department headquaters, viz, by regiments or brigades. No minor parties will be allowed, and brigade commanders are directed to dismount forthwith all mounted foragers that may have hitherto been permitted in their commands. Colonel Catterson, commanding Second Brigade, will detail from his command one regiment to forage for the division, reporting to these headquarters the regiment and name of the commanding officer. During the next six days this regiment will be expected to forage at least two days’ rations for the entire division, collecting from the country wagons to transport the subsistence stores gathered in. These wagons will be turned over to the regiment succeeding that furnished by Colonel Catterson, which will also be governed by the instructions given in this order. This division forage detail will arrest any and all other foragers that may be discovered through the country belonging to this division, sending them to these headquarters under guard. The officer commanding this detail will be furnished from these headquarters with the strength of the command, and he will issue to the brigades pro rata accordingly.

I am comfortably fixed in the governor’s mansion with many citizens, among whom are ex-Governors Graham and Swain. When Governor Vance sent out his aides, &c., to meet me, they were intercepted by Hampton, and afterward by Kilpatrick. Vance, hearing they were arrested, concluded to flee. The Fourteenth Corps is garrisoning the city. Kilpatrick is pushing directly after Johnston, now about twelve miles toward Hillsborough. The Right Wing will pass straight through Raleigh and encamp to the northwest of the city tomorrow night.

Kilpatrick Reports:

My advance is two miles beyond the town on the Hillsborough road, heavily engaged with Wheeler and Hampton’s combined forces. Wheeler had his headquarters in town last night. Notwithstanding, the town was surrendered to me by the mayor, and the assurance from General Hampton in writing that not a shot would be fired. My staff was fired upon from the state-house yard and corners of the street. We soon cleared the town, however. Johnston’s infantry, the rear, left yesterday and is marching to Hillsborough. Davis is at Greensborough. Stoneman has cut the road in rear of Greensborough and between Danville and Greensborough.

HDQRS. CAVALRY COMMAND, MIL. DIV. OF THE MISS.,
Morrisville Station, N. C., in the Field, April 13, 1865. 3 p.m.

Major L. M. DAYTON, Asst. Adjt. General, Military Division of the Mississippi:
MAJOR: I have pressed the rebels back two miles beyond this town on road to Chapel Hill. His cavalry is totally demoralized. We have taken barricade after barricade of the strongest character and with but little loss. Prisoners and citizens report the rebel transportation in very bad condition. I have been scattering Wheeler’s cavalry all day, driving it off upon the side roads. I have captured three trains, without the engines, of about seven cars each, loaded with stores of different kinds taken from the wagon trains, which they had evidently come down to relieve. We dashed on an engine and a portion of my people was within 100 yards of it, but the enemy was too strong for them and it escaped. I have captured a large quantity of corn, shelled, on the cars at this point, fully sufficient for my command. The cars are in good condition, roads are bad. I have marched a long ways to-day and fought over nearly every foot of ground from Raleigh to this point. I shall rest my command and allow it to close up. Colonel Jones, of the First Brigade, is now quite heavily engaged some two miles out. Fighting constantly has been going on near Salisbury. It is reported the Yadkin bridge is burned.
Very respectfully,
J. KILPATRICK, Brevet Major-General, Commanding.

P. S. -Three hundred wagons passed through here today.
J. K.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Raleigh, April 13, 1865.
General KILPATRICK, Commanding Cavalry:
I have been out and am just back, and hasten to answer yours of today. I have two locomotives here, and will send one up the road to bring back the cars you have captured. Please have pickets along the road so as to advise the conductor where to stop. I will take all day tomorrow to close up our trains and to draw out on the new line of operations, of which I will fully advise you tomorrow. Rest your animals tomorrow, or confine your operations to mere feints, and be ready for work the next day.

I expect General Sheridan down soon. I think I can force Johnston to disperse his army or accept battle in a few days, and will proceed as fast as I can get troops into position. We will hold Raleigh, and repair roads and telegraph back to Goldsborough.
Yours, truly,
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

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