Wednesday, October 12, 1864

SPECIAL FIELD ORDERS, HDQRS. MIL. DIV. OF THE MISS., Numbers 90. In the Field, Rome, Ga., October 12, 1864
Orders for tomorrow, October 13, will be as follows:

I. General Corse will dispatch his DIVISION and the brigade of the Fifteenth corps attached to his garrison and the First Alabama Cavalry down the Coosa River on its east bank toward Coosaville to develop the force guarding the bridge by which the enemy crossed. He will send one battery with the expedition and equip the whole party light.

II. General Elliott will at the same time dispatch down the WEST bank of the Coosa a DIVISION of cavalry for the same purpose, viz, to develop the force guarding the bridge by which the enemy crossed.

III. All the armies will be held ready to move at a moment’s warning.
By order of Major General W. T. Sherman:
L. M. DAYTON, Aide-de-Camp

My Proposed March Through Georgia Raises Concerns:

WASHINGTON, October 12, 1864: 8 p.m.
Lieutenant-General GRANT:
The President feels much solicitude in respect to General Sherman’s proposed movement and hopes that it will be maturely considered. The objections stated in your telegram of last night impressed him with much force, and a misstep by General Sherman might be fatal to his army. This much the President directed me to say to you, when I saw him this evening, and although I find on reaching the office that you now think better of the plan, you should know he feels on a point so vital.
E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War

Grant Understands My Dilemma:

CITY POINT, VA., October 12, 1864: 1 p. m.
Major-General SHERMAN, Kingston, Ga.:
On reflection, I think better of your proposition. It would be much better to go south than to be forced to come north. You will, no doubt, clean the country where you go of railroad tracks and supplies. I would also move every wagon, horse, mules, and hoof of stock, as well as the negroes. As far as arms can be supplied, either from surplus or by capture, I would put them in the hands of negro men. Give them such organization as you can. They will be of some use.
U. S. GRANT, Lieutenant-General

Grant & Halleck Discuss My Proposal:

CITY POINT, VA., October 12, 1864-12 m.
Major-General HALLECK, Chief of Staff:
Please send my dispatch of yesterday in relation to what Sheridan should do, to him. Thomas should be prepared to concentrate a force on Hood, wherever he presents himself on the Tennessee River, and should take the supplies of the country without compensation. I think if Crook goes to Missouri he will drive Price out of the country in time to send A. J. Smith and Mower to Tennessee before Hood can get far, even if Sherman’s movements do not turn him, as I think they will. Canby’s forces will also be relieved for operations wherever they may be needed.
U. S. GRANT, Lieutenant-General

General E. M. MCCOOK Reports:

October 12, 1864: 11:30 p.m.
Resaca was attacked today by the enemy’s infantry. Colonel Watkins evacuated Calhoun and crossed his men to Resaca, leaving horses on this side. At 10 o’clock tonight musketry was still heard. I started from Calhoun today and found road broken above Adairsville and repaired it. Left Colonel Raum with 350 infantry at Calhoun to try to communicate. Loaded up all the abandoned commissary stores and brought them here with three locomotives and trains that are now ready to take troops up the road if you desire to send any. I also placed garrisons in the block-houses that had been abandoned. The summons to surrender is signed J. B. Hood, General, and closes by saying, “If the place is carried by assault no prisoners will be taken. ” Our men did not see it. If I heard anything more I will send you word. One regiment of enemy’s infantry passed through Calhoun an hour before I got there.

I want to know if the enemy still hold the pontoon bridge ten miles below, near Coosaville, or has taken it up and moved on with his army.

I Ordered Howard:
In the movement of today you will leave one brigade at this Kingston, subject to the orders of General J. E. Smith. On arriving at Rome the detached brigade there will join you.

ROME, GA., October 12, 1864: 7:30 p. m.
General John E. SMITH:
I renew my order to send to Rome all provisions at Allatoona and Cartersville, reserving at each place twenty days’ supply; also all sick and wounded. Order all commanding officers to work on their defenses, so as to make them impregnable. The enemy has passed up WEST of Rome, and tomorrow I will ascertain if he has gone to venture into Tennessee, or merely is on a raid.

General Smith Replies:

I have made every effort to get cars, but up to this time none have arrived. I will send as rapidly as possible. Firing heard WEST of Allatoona this p. m.; suppose it was Kilpatrick. Have not been able to find out.
The brigade ordered to Resaca, consisting of one regiment, 400 strong, started on train about 5 p. m., and only got as far as Adairsville. Track torn up near that place

I Telegraph Brigadier General G. B. RAUM:
General Ransom is ordered to leave a brigade to go to Resaca. Send it up quick; the enemy has gone north.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General.

It is reported that a column of the enemy’s infantry is advancing toward Rome on the Alabama road. General Corse has ordered Brigade commanders and commanding officers of detachments, &c., will have the troops under their command in readiness for use at a moment’s notice, guns in good condition and cartridge-

I Ordered General COX:
You will at daylight tomorrow move your command, without wagons and only one battery of guns, with haversacks, across the Oostenaula by the bridge and down the WEST bank of the Coosa to Coosaville, to destroy (if there) the bridge by which the enemy passed north; also to engage any force you may encounter. Five miles out you will find a DIVISION of cavalry under General Garrard, who has orders to do the same, and will be ordered to report to you. He reports only cavalry, two brigades, to his front. A quick, bold movement may save us much trouble in the future, and I trust to your intelligence and zeal.

I Want Thomas at Chattanooga:
In the Field, Kingston, October 12, 1864: 7 a.m.
General THOMAS, Nashville:
Come to Chattanooga to take direction of matters from that quarter. Leave orders with General Webster as to the troops to follow. Stevenson and Bridgeport should be re-enforced.
The brigade of Colonel Hoge is doubtless the one ordered to Eastport. He seems to have got there too late, for the enemy cannot operate that road with Eastport in our possession. That brigade and gunboats should patrol the Tennessee River as high up as they can go, and in time I will re-enforce the command.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.

Thomas Replies:

NASHVILLE, October 12, 1864-8. 30 p. m.
Major-General SHERMAN:
In obedience to your directions, captioned in dispatch of last evening, I at once gave orders to General Morgan to put his DIVISION in readiness to move at once to Chattanooga. He reports to me today at 12 noon that all was ready, and I presume that two of his brigades have already started, as Mr. Anderson, superintendent of the road, informs me that he had sent sixty cars to Athens for General Morgan’s troops. I have also sent two regiments of General Steedman’s command, which came up as far as Tullahoma, back to Chattanooga, and the balance of his command will be sent after these as soon as it returns from the pursuit of Forrest. I have already issued orders to Major-General Steedman in the case, and there will be as little delay as possible in pushing forward the troops.
GEO. H. THOMAS, Major-General

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