Monday, October 10, 1864

CARTERSVILLE, GA., October 10, 1864: 12 m.
Lieutenant-General GRANT, City Point:
Dispatch about Wilson just received. I am looking forward to new leadership of my cavalry. Hood is now crossing the Coosa, twelve miles below Rome, bound west. If he passes over to the Mobile and Ohio road, had I not better execute the plan of my letter sent by Colonel Porter, and leave General Thomas with the troops now in Tennessee to defend the State? He will have an ample force when the re-enforcements ordered reach Nashville.
W.T. SHERMAN, Major-General.

Hood is now threatening Rome, Georgia. I have ordered General Corse to hold it to the death. I will order my army to Kingston to go to his aid.

CARTERSVILLE, October 10, 1864.
Captain L. M. DAYTON, Allatoona:
Order the armies of the Cumberland and Tennessee to Kingston with the trains; the former to leave the details to repair the railroad and the latter to bring along 1,500 head of cattle; to march well into the night and aim to reach Kingston tomorrow. If any column on the march overtakes the rear of another, to take a road so as to pass round. Bring our headquarters to this place. Also, order the cavalry to move on Kingston or Rome.
W.T. SHERMAN, Major-General.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Allatoona
General J. D. WEBSTER, Nashville:
I want all the recruits that arrive to be distributed to the three armies in just proportion, say one-half to the Cumberland and one- fourth to each of the Tennessee and Ohio. New regiments may guard roads, but should be kept near Nashville; that is, above the posts of Stevenson and Pulaski, as to be easily united into a good reserve force, in case I leave Tennessee to itself and push for the sea. I have now beef and bread enough, but want to repair roads so as to send my sick and wounded back. Hood is near Cedartown, south of Rome, and the impression is he will rendezvous at Blue Mountain, the end of the Selma and Talladega road. He may strike at Kingston or Rome, or even go up toward Bridgeport or Stevenson, but I rather think he will hang on our flanks as a threat. I will stay about here and Kingston till our road is finished, or until Hood develops his game.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

NASHVILLE, TENN., October 10, 1864.
Captain L. M. DAYTON, General Sherman’s Staff, Allatoona:
Not much news from the East since Sheridan’s great success in the Shenandoah Valley. General Grant has gained some ground at Petersburg and Richmond. A good deal of alarm in the latter city, and the papers say it is essential that Lee be re-enforced. Forrest is supposed by Rousseau to have escaped across the Tennessee with his force, except some stragglers. General Thomas has ordered Rousseau to ascertain positively whether Forrest has crossed, and if so to follow and destroy the railroad. General Washburn, with 3,000 cavalry, is co-operating with General Rousseau; communication difficult in that direction, and news meager. A mail messenger to you has been at Chattanooga some days, with large amount of mail. Will send another today, and direct railroad men to help them through.
J. D. WEBSTER, Brigadier-General

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Cartersville
Lieutenant GLASSFORD, U. S. Navy, Bridgeport:
Keep all your boats in watching and patrolling the Tennessee. Hood is now crossing the Coosa about twelve miles below Rome, and is heading west, but may aim for Whitesburg or Gunter’s. I rather think he is aiming to unite with Forrest over on the Mobile and Ohio road, about Tuscumbia, Ala., yet he should be prevented from crossing the Tennessee River anywhere above Muscle Shoals. I may also look for a boat about Guntersville.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Allatoona, October 10, 1864.
Major-General STANLEY, Commanding Army of the Cumberland:
By direction of Major-General Sherman you will move your command with trains, but leaving the details working on the railroad, at once for Kingston. You will keep marching well into the night and aim to reach Kingston to-morrow, and if you overtake any column find some side road, so as to enable you to pass around. The Army of the Tennessee will move close in you, with similar orders as to marching and time.

General Corse reports the enemy moving up the WEST bank of the Coosa to attack Rome, but I think it is not his intention to attack that place.
It is very important you should make all speed possible. March until the moon sets, and get this side of the Etowah, and tomorrow we must reach Rome if possible. In person reach Cartersville tonight.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Cartersville, October 10, 1864: 5 p. m.
General STANLEY, Allatoona:
Hood is all across the Coosa, and General Corse reports him, about 2 p.m. advancing in three columns, but since his telegrams are less alarming. I don’t think Hood will attack Rome if we can reach Kingston by noon tomorrow, or if he does, he must cross to this side north of the Etowah, and we would have him at great advantage. He may mean to go up to La Fayette, &c., but where he will get his grub is a question. His whole movement is inexplicable to any common sense theory. At Kingston we will be in position to watch him better than anywhere else. I have ordered General Corse to hold Rome to the death, and am, therefore, bound in honor to hasten to his assistance.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Carteresville, October 10, 1864.
General SLOCUM, Atlanta:
I have no objection to your sending a strong force, going toward the south. There is some forage on South River southeast of Atlanta. At least a Division should go, and a hundred wagons will be enough to risk. Hood is crossing the Coosa, twelve miles below Rome, and I cannot yet make out if he intends to go over to the Tennessee or to turn up toward Chattanooga. Nothing from Virginia in.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

CARTERSVILLE, October 10, 1864.
General ELLIOTT:
Hood has made his appearance at Rome. I want to concentrate the army at Kingston. Send orders to the cavalry that will accomplish that end. Garrard can be reached from here, but I hardly know how you will get your orders to Kilpatrick. I think you had better accompany the Army of the Cumberland. Orders were sent to both armies at the rear by Captain Dayton.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

CARTERSVILLE, October 10, 1864: 3 p. m.
General GARRARD:
General Corse, at Rome, reports the enemy has crossed the Coosa below Rome, and is now advancing on it along the WEST bank. He has a bridge across the Etowah at Rome, and has the bridge well covered by a fort. I wish you to push straight for that bridge, and threaten any force south of the Etowah operating against Rome. I will be there tomorrow with all the army. If you see Kilpatrick let him join his force with yours. All the bridges across the Etowah are burned, but in case of necessity you can fall back on Allatoona by road south of the Etowah. I would like to have you at Rome by daylight.
Yours,
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Allatoona, October 10, 1864.
Major General O. O. HOWARD,
Commanding Army of the Tennessee:
GENERAL: By direction of Major-General Sherman you will move your command at once for Kingston, bringing with it your trains and 1,500 cattle. March until late to-night and aim to reach Kingston to-morrow. If on the march you overtake any column, get a road, if possible, to pass around it. The Army of the Cumberland will also move with similar orders as to marching and time.
Please start right away and let your wagons and detachments follow. It is all-important that you should make a forced march tonight, and tomorrow reach Allatoona. Push on with rapidity will till you overtake us.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

Corse is keeping an eye on Hood’s movements near Rome. Raum thinks that Hood may try to attack Resaca. I hope he goes west to reach supplies. We have destroyed many bridges so Hood cannot cross and attack isolated posts.

We need to improve out defenses all along the line of the railroad:

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Cartersville, October 10, 1864
Colonel TOURTELLOTTE, Allatoona:
In riding through your fort today, I observed defects which should be corrected at once. The forts on the flanks should be inclosed with good heavy parapets and abatis. More timber should be cut along the Pumpkin Vine, and stockades or stakes at short musket- range, to hold an enemy until he can be dispatched. You should keep half your men at work until this is done. It may save many lives.

I would make a good redoubt to the south of the Cartersville road and make a good abatis. Forty men in such a work would be a great protection to that flank. Such a work, with the two at the railroad cut, would be enough to hold Allatoona against a cavalry dash, which is the most that will likely occur again. I attach much importance to abatis.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Allatoona, October 10, 1864: 8 a. m.
General G. H. THOMAS, Nashville:
A brigade of the Army of the Tennessee should now be at Eastport up the Tennessee, and a force of 3,000 cavalry is coming across by land. Give such orders as will dispose of Forrest and break his railroad from Tuscumbia back toward Corinth about Brownsvile or Iuka, especially Bear Creek bridge. All recruits should go to the regiments in due proportion, and the new regiments should go to make up a reserve force to hold Tennessee in case we go ahead.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding
HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Cartersville, October 10, 1864: 12 m.
General G. H. THOMAS, Nashville:
It looks as though Hood is bound for Tuscumbia. He is now crossing the Coosa below Rome, heading west. Let me know if you can hold him with the force now in Tennessee and expected, as in that event you know what I propose to do. I will be at Kingston tomorrow. I think Rome is strong enough to resist any attack, and the rivers are all high. If he turns up by Summerville, I will get in behind him.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding

Genera Thomas Writes from Nashville:

Your dispatch of 12 m. and 5 p. m. have been received. I cannot say positively that I can hold Hood with the present force I have and the re-enforcements expected, because I do not know how many re- enforcements are coming. I will do my best, however, and, as you direct, will concentrate the infantry forces about Stevenson and Huntsville, leaving a portion of the cavalry to watch the river between Decatur and Eastport. Have you given orders to Washburn, or am I to issue orders to him; and, if under my command, where would you prefer that I should place his troops.

The defensive line at Nashville is being expanded.

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