Monday, October 3, 1864

SPECIAL FIELD ORDERS, 
HDQRS. MIL. DIV. OF THE MISS., Numbers 83. In the Field, Atlanta, Georgia

The following movements are ordered:
I. Major-General Slocum, with the Twentieth Corps, will hold Atlanta and the Chattahooche bridge, and all detachments of other troops or corps will report to him and assigned by him to posts looking to the security of this depot.

II. All the rest of the army, provided with ten days’ rations, will move by the Chatahoochee bridge to Smyrna Campt-Ground, Ruff’s Station-the Army of the Cumberland, Major-General Stanley on the center, looking west; the Army of the Ohio, Brigadier-General Cox, on the right, and the Army of the Tennessee, Major-General Howard, on the left.

The general commanding will be near the center.

I Write General Stanley:
I have messages by signal from Kenesaw and Allatoona. All quiet. Davis is following you. If General Elliott can get to Powder Springs and Dallas I may not move any more troops, but I want you to make the road hence to Allatoona and make Etowah bridge all secure. Develop Hood’s game. Keep infantry well in hand, and I will keep the Armies of the Ohio and Tennessee ready to start at an hour’s notice.

I Write Major General JEFF. C. DAVIS, Commanding Fourteenth Army Corps:
Move your two DIVISIONS by the nearest practicable route to the railroad bridge, cross above and move on the left of General Stanley about the old rebel line at Smyrna Camp or Ruff’s Station, looking to the west. If the reconnaissance in progress to-day confirms present appearances we will have to strike the enemy over between that point and Dallas. Have your wagons to follow you only to the old rebel lines WEST of the bridge. Cross your men ahead of General Stanley’s wagons, but his wagons will have precedence of yours. General Stanley passed here about 7 a. m.

The enemy drove my men from Big Shanty this evening. There is a force at Lost Mountain. I am re-enforcing the position.
I

I send orders to KILLPATRICK Commanding THIRD Cavalry DIVISION:
Destroy the bridge over Noyes’ Creek, and follow in rear of Second Cavalry DIVISION.

Schofield writes from LOUISVILLE, KY:

During my brief visit to Kentucky I have learned that affairs here are in some respects in a very poor condition. There seems to have been criminal looseness, and, in some instances, gross corruption in the administration of military justice. Public enemies of the worst character have received their liberty by payment of large fees to lawyers having personal influence with the commanding officers, while innocent persons have been kept in prison a long time without trial. The provost-marshal’s department at Louisville and the military police of the District of Kentucky appear to have been mainly engaged in trading in negro substitutes and exporting fines for violation of petty regulations. The officers of police appear to have performed all the duties of public prosecutors, judge, and receiver of moneys. These seem to be notorious facts. An investigation into the transactions of the police and provost-marshal is now progressing, and I have ordered the arrest of the parties so far implicated. The charges relative to corruption in the release of prisoners involve the official character of Brevet-Major-General Burbridge, who is now absent and who was assigned to his present command by order of the President or Lieutenant-General Grant, and who has been acting in reference to the arrest and disposition of disloyal persons under direct orders from your headquarters. Because of these facts I have taken no steps to investigate the charges which may affect General Burbridge, and respectfully refer the matter to you for such action as you may deem proper.
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. M. SCHOFIELD, Major-General

I write General COX, Decatur, Ga.:
You will move your command for the bridge and Ruff’s Station at daybreak tomorrow. Leave Colonel Garrard’s cavalry to guard and picket the roads north and east of Atlanta, reporting to General Slocum. Please answer.

News From Tennessee:
Colonel Johnson sent a messenger to Cleveland this morning reporting that Wheeler was at Dalton and that he had demanded the surrender of the place.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Atlanta, Ga.,
General O. O. HOWARD, East Point:

I am now communication with Marietta, Kingston, and Rome. All quiet, yet it is manifest Hood contemplates something. Make all your preparations, but do not actually move till further notice. Generals Stanley and Davis will be enough to support the cavalry and find out what is the matter.

March your command to-morrow to Ruff’s Station, toward Marietta. Do you know if Kilpatrick’s dismounted men have come in from Sandtown? If not, send them word to come into Atlanta. Please answer.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.


HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, 
In the Field, Atlanta, Ga., October 3, 1864.
General VANDEVER, Marietta:

There is no doubt Hood is over about Powder Springs with a part of his infantry and cavalry, and the balance is intrenched down by Palmetto. I have sent four DIVISION to Smyrna, and in case you are threatened join them, or better, take refuge on Kenesaw. Don’t lose your men. Marietta is of no value to us, and it might be well now to move your command to Kenesaw where you could better guard the road. Two hundred men on the mountain and the balance on the ridge next north would be impregnable. If you have reason to believe a heavy force of the enemy is in striking distance of you, you had better move at once. A town is a weakness in military matters. General Stanley and Davis will be at Smyrna Camp, five miles this side of Marietta, to-night.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.


HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, 
In the Field, Atlanta, Ga., October 3, 1864.
General CORSE, Rome:
Hood is meditating some plan on a large scale. One corps is intrenched below Campbellton, and two corps are across below Sweet Water, about Powder Springs. I sent Generals Stanley and Davis over to-day, and may follow tomorrow myself with a heavy force. I am willing he should go to Blue Mountain, or to strike our road at Acworth or Cassville. Wait a little before burning those towns, till we see that Hood is going to attempt.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, 
In the Field, Atlanta, Ga., October 3, 1864.
COMMANDING OFFICER, Allatoona:
Hood has some infantry and cavalry about Powder Springs. I am watching him close. He might deceive us by his cavalry along Noyes’ Creek, and slip up to Acworth and Allatoona. I want the utmost vigilance there. If he goes for Allatoona I want him delayed only long enough for me to reach his rear. Of course his cavalry can only run across the road and bother us, but his infantry would try to capture stores, without which Hood cannot stay where he is. If he moves up toward Allatoona I will surely come in force.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, 
In the Field, Atlanta, Ga., October 3, 1864.
Major-General THOMAS, Headquarters:
I have ordered Generals Stanley and Davis to march their commands to the old rebel lines at Smyrna Camp, this side of Marietta, to counteract a similar move by our antagonist. I will leave General Slocum in command here with his corps and the small headquarters guard, and with the rest of the army will strike at the enemy if he attempts to make a lodgment of the road this side of Kingston. I give you the notice that you may understand the movement of troops. Your headquarters for the present had better remain as now.
Yours, truly,
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General, Commanding.

Thomas Writes:

I reached this place at 2 p. m. today, and found that Rousseau had organized and dispatched his troops down the Alabama road as far as Franklin, and will continue after Forrest until he overtakes him, if Forrest does not get cross the river before he reaches him. Major-General Washburn is coming up the Tennessee River with 3,000 cavalry and 1,500 infantry. He was directed by Webster before my arrival to land his infantry at Johnsville to aid in the protection of the depot there, and to proceed up the river to Clifton with his cavalry, and to move toward Athens for the purpose of striking Forrest’s flank or cutting off his communication with Bainbridge. General Morgan, as I dispatched you last night, is moving from Athens upon Bainbridge, so it appears to me there is a fair chance of hemming Forrest in and destroying his command. The river isn’t fordable, and if we seize his means of crossing at Bainbridge he will be unable to cross anywhere else, and I think Rouseau ought certainly to destroy him. Two Ohio and three Kentucky regiments of the re-enforcements have arrived and are being distributed along the railroad.
GEO. H. THOMAS, Major-General

Rousseau Writes:

HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE, 
Nashville, Tenn., October 3, 1864.
Major General W. T. SHERMAN, Atlanta, Ga.:
At last I have improvised a mobile force, able, I think, to fight and whip Forrest, through that is not easily done. My new command, on horses and mules and in wagons, is now at and near Franklin, and will be twelve miles beyond that point this evening. I am waiting to see General Thomas, expected every moment, when I shall join my command and hunt up and fight Forrest, when I can catch him. He has destroyed the railroad from Spring Hill to Athens, I suppose, or nearly so. The block-house garrisons stampeded and surrendered. I hope we shall defeat and destroy Forrest now, and save the Chattanooga railroad. We shall see. The mounting and organization of my command began yesterday at noon by General Johnson, whose efficiency is unequaled.
LOVELL H. ROUSSEAU, Major-General

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