Tuesday, September 27, 1864

ATLANTA, Georgia

Telegram to Grant:
September 27, 1864: 10 a. m.
Lieutenant-General GRANT:
Jeff. Davis was certainly at Macon on the 23d, for he made a very significant speech, which is given at length, and which I ordered to be telegraphed as far as Louisville. Forrest has burned the bridge over Elk River, near Athens, but I think Rousseau can keep him off the Chattanooga road; still, all recruits should be sent to Nashville with dispatch.
W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

Grant Replies:

CITY POINT, VA., September 27, 1864: 10:30 a.m.

I have directed all recruits and new troops from the Western States be sent to Nashville, to receive their further orders from you. I was mistaken about Davis being in Richmond on Thursday last. He was then on his way to Macon.
U. S. GRANT, Lieutenant-General

President Lincoln Writes:

You say Jeff. Davis is on a visit to Hood. I judge that Brown and Stephens are the objects of his visit.

Webster Reports from Nashville:

General Rousseau is fighting Forrest south of Pulaski. I think he has force enough to hold him, if not to do better. I have cautioned him as directed in your dispatch of yesterday. Have ordered General Burbridge to send troops that he can spare. Don’t think Williams’ rebel force is at Sparta. I have some fears for great amount of stores at Johnsonville. Would send 500 or 1,000 men there if I had them to spare. Suppose the gun-boats can do something there, but don’t know whether they can make it safe. General Tower is here to look after the Nashville fortifications and report to you.

At noon General Rousseau had his troops in line; enemy advancing. Have heard from Johnsonville and learned positively of storehouses and defenses. They will do as they are.

Have telegraphed General Rosecrans as you directed about General A. J. Smith. Judging from newspaper accounts of affairs in Missouri General Rosecrans will not be likely to spare any of his force.

The Quartermaster Donaldson Reports:

We have at least forty days’ subsistence at Atlanta, and ten days’ grain. We must economize his grain, as all the cars are being used to transport troops, Forrest having cut the Tennessee and Alabama road, and threatening the Chattanooga road. Rousseau is fighting at Pulaski, and I am preparing my force to re-enforce him should he have to fall back to Nashville. I have 5,000 under arms tonight.

Granger Reports:

Forrest has destroyed every bridge and trestle from Athens to Richland Creek, six miles below Pulaski, where General Rousseau’s advance was skirmishing with Forrest yesterday evening; Forrest seems to be making for the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, toward Decherd.

We have organized Howards Corp and are bringing Mower here:

East Point, Ga., September 27, 1864.
1. Major General J. A. Mower, U. S. Volunteers, is relieved from the command of the First DIVISION, SIXTEENTH Army Corps, and will forthwith proceed to Nashville, Tenn., and report by telegram to Major-General Sherman, commanding Military DIVISION of the Mississippi, for orders.

2. Brigadier General William Vandever, U. S. Volunteers, will turn over the command of the U. S. forces at Rome, Ga., to his next in rank, and will without delay proceed to Marietta, Ga., and relieve Brigadier General J. McArthur, U. S. Volunteers, of the command of the District of Marietta.

3. Brigadier General J. McArthur is assigned to the command of the First DIVISION, SIXTEENTH Army Corps, and on being relieved will report forthwith accordingly.
IX. Major General N. J. T. Dana is temporarily assigned to the command of the SIXTEENTH Army Corps, including the combined Districts of Memphis and Vicksburg.
The following is the organization of the corps:
First DIVISION, Brigadier General John McArthur commanding, vice Major-General Mower ordered to report to Major-General Sherman;
Second DIVISION, Brigadier General C. R. Woods commanding, will constitute the Right Wing, under command of Major General A. J. Smith.
THIRD DIVISION, Brigadier General E. S. Dennis commanding;
Fourth DIVISION, Brigadier General J. P. Hawkins commanding, will constitute the Left Wing, Major General G. M. Dodge commanding, including also in his command the District of Vicksburg.

Major-General Dana will assign all the troops not embraced in the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Corps, except the cavalry, to one of the several DIVISIONS of the corps; will organize the posts and garrisons, assign competent officers to the command of the same, and make such dispositions as will best promote the efficiency of the corps.

Brigadier General Morgan L. Smith will command the post of Vicksburg. Major General C. C. Washburn will command the District of WEST Tennessee. The intent of this order is to insure the complete organization of all the troops in this department on the MISSISSIPPI River, secure competent garrisons, and have at all times at the disposal of the major-general commanding the corps the largest practicable movable force with which to protect the navigation of the river or operate against the enemy toward the east. The cavalry force designed to operate upon the river will be subject to the orders of the corps commander, but will make all returns as required by the chief of cavalry.

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