Tuesday, May 10, 1864

Tunnel Hill, Georgia

This morning, I sent the following message to General Halleck thinking that McPherson had reached Resaca.

HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, 
In the Field, Tunnel Hill, Ga., May 10, 1864; 7 a. m.
Major-General HALLECK, Washington, D. C.:
I am starting for the extreme front in Buzzard Roost Gap, and write this dispatch that you may understand. Johnston acts purely on the defensive. I am attacking him on his strongest fronts, viz, west and north, till McPherson breaks his line at Resaca, when I will swing round through Snake Creek Gap, and interpose between him and Georgia. I am not driving things too fast, because I want two columns of cavalry that are rapidly coming up to me from the rear, Stoneman on my left and Garrard on my right, both due to-day. Yesterday I pressed hard to prevent Johnston detaching against McPherson, but to-day I will be more easy, as I believe McPherson has destroyed Resaca, when he is ordered to fall back to mouth of Snake Creek Gap and act against Johnston’s flank when he does start. All are in good condition.
W. T. SHERMAN,
Major-General

This evening, I discovered that McPherson was unable to reach the railroad at Resaca and break it. This lets Johnston out of the trap and I fear we must chase him a long way.

TUNNEL HILL, Ga., May 10, 1864; 7.30 p. m.

Major General H. W. HALLECK, Washington, D. C.:

General McPherson reached Resaca, but found the place strongly fortified and guarded, and did not break the road. According to his instructions, he drew back to the debouches of the gorge, where he has a strong defensive position, and guards the only pass into the valley of the Oostenaula available to us. Buzzard Roost Gap, through which the railroad passes, is naturally and artificially too strong to be attempted. I must feign on Buzzard Roost, but pass through Snake Creek Gap, and place myself between Johnston and Resaca, when we will have to fight it out. I am making the preliminary move. Certain that Johnston can make no detachments, I will be in no hurry. My cavalry is just approaching from Kentucky and Tennessee (detained by the difficulty of getting horses), and even now it is less than my minimum.

W. T. SHERMAN, Major-General

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